Effects of Chemotherapy on Survival of Elderly Patients with… : Journal of Thoracic Oncology

Statistically significant differences in the receipt of chemotherapy exist among elderly patients with SCLC. Chemotherapy is associated with a greater than 6-month improvement in median survival among elderly patients with SCLC, even in patients over the age of 80 years.

via Effects of Chemotherapy on Survival of Elderly Patients with… : Journal of Thoracic Oncology.

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Access : The 22|[sol]|11 Risk Prediction Model: A Validated Model for Predicting 30-Day Mortality in Patients With Cirrhosis and Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis : The American Journal of Gastroenterology

In cirrhotic patients with SBP receiving standard therapy, MELD score ≥22 and peripheral blood leukocyte count ≥11×109 cells/l are validated independent predictors of mortality. The mortality in a patient without either poor prognostic variable is ≤10% and with both variables is ≥50%. Trials aiming to reduce mortality should target patients in the moderate-risk to high-risk groups.

via Access : The 22|[sol]|11 Risk Prediction Model: A Validated Model for Predicting 30-Day Mortality in Patients With Cirrhosis and Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis : The American Journal of Gastroenterology.

Phase Angle, Frailty and Mortality in Older Adults – Online First – Springer

Narrow phase angle is associated with frailty and mortality independent of age and comorbidity.

via Phase Angle, Frailty and Mortality in Older Adults – Online First – Springer.

Risk factors among people surviving out-of-hospital cardiac arrest and their thoughts about what lifestyle means to them: a mixed methods study – Springer

For many people out-of-hospital cardiac arrest was the first symptom of coronary heart disease. Interview participants were well informed about their cardiovascular risk factors and the benefits of risk factor treatment. In spite of that, some chose to ignore this knowledge to some extent and preferred to live a “good life”, where risk factor treatment played a minor part. The importance of the support of family members in terms of feeling happy and having fun was highlighted by the interview participants and expressed as being the meaning of lifestyle. Perhaps the person with illness together with health care workers should focus more on the meaningful and joyful things in life and try to adopt healthy behaviours linked to these things.

via Risk factors among people surviving out-of-hospital cardiac arrest and their thoughts about what lifestyle means to them: a mixed methods study – Springer.

CHEST Journal | Article

Co-existing COPD is associated with worse survival outcomes in early-stage NSCLC patients, particularly for men and for SCC.

via CHEST Journal | Article.

CHEST Journal | Article

This longitudinal study in a real-world COPD population that carefully minimized misclassification of exacerbations and the influence of confounding did not show an association of 25-hydroxyvitamin D with exacerbations and mortality.

via CHEST Journal | Article.

Population-based incidence, treatment and survival of patients with peritoneal metastases of unknown origin

The prognosis of PM of unknown origin is extremely poor and did not improve over time. Given the recent progress that has been achieved in selected patients presenting with PM, maximum efforts should be undertaken in order to diagnose the origin of PM as accurately as possible. Potentially effective treatment strategies should be further explored for patients in whom the organ of origin remains unknown.

via Population-based incidence, treatment and survival of patients with peritoneal metastases of unknown origin.

The Dangers of Loneliness: Findings from a Study among Appalachian Elders | Off the Charts

Writing for AJN in 1955, Hildegard Peplau described the complexities of loneliness, observing that “often loneliness is not felt; instead the person has a feeling of unexplained dread, of desperation, or extreme restlessness.”  Fast-forward to 2009: nurse researchers Laurie Theeke and Jennifer Mallow wanted to better understand the health implications of loneliness, and decided to conduct a study.

via The Dangers of Loneliness: Findings from a Study among Appalachian Elders | Off the Charts.

Leukemia – Survival and prognosis among 1545 patients with contemporary polycythemia vera: an international study

Considering patients from the center with the most mature follow-up information (n=337 with 44% of patients followed to death), median survival (14.1 years) was significantly worse than that of the age- and sex-matched US population (P<0.001). In multivariable analysis, survival for the entire study cohort (n=1545) was adversely affected by older age, leukocytosis, venous thrombosis and abnormal karyotype; a prognostic model that included the first three parameters delineated risk groups with median survivals of 10.9–27.8 years (hazard ratio (HR), 10.7; 95% confidence interval (CI): 7.7–15.0).

via Leukemia – Survival and prognosis among 1545 patients with contemporary polycythemia vera: an international study.

The Median Informs the Message: Accuracy of Individualized Scenarios for Survival Time Based on Oncologists’ Estimates

Conclusion Oncologists’ estimates of survival time were relatively well-calibrated, moderately discriminative, independently associated with observed survival, and a reasonable basis for estimating worst-case, typical, and best-case scenarios for survival.

via The Median Informs the Message: Accuracy of Individualized Scenarios for Survival Time Based on Oncologists’ Estimates.